Madrid Metro: Google Celebrates 100th Anniversary Of Madrid Metro With Animated Doodle
Today’s animated Google Doodle celebrates the 100th anniversary of the Madrid Metro (Madrid Metro), a rapid transit system serving the city of Madrid, the capital of Spain. Currently, the Madrid Metro (Spanish: Metro de Madrid) is the 6th longest underground railway in the world with somewhere in the 293 kilometer (approximately 182 mile) range of track.
On September 19, 1916, a royal declaration approved the 4-line plan for the production of the Madrid metro. King Alfonso XIII stepped in and contributed 1.45 million pesetas from his own treasury. On this day in 1919, King Alfonso XIII introduced the Madrid Metro, a new transport system for the Spanish capital. The metro’s distinctive diamond-shaped logo was made by famous Spanish architect Antonio Palacios, who also designed the entrances, corridors and platforms of some of the earliest stations.
The metro has made amazing progress during its first century of operation. On opening day, the route covered a small 3.48 kilometers (approximately 2.16 miles), taking 10 minutes to travel 8 stops from Cuatro Caminos to Puerta del Sol. On that first day, just over 56,000 travelers took what was then called the North-South Line. After two days, on October 19, 1919, the Madrid metro was opened to the public.
Its development somewhere between 1995 and 2007 placed it among the fastest developing systems in the world at the time, equaling many Asian subways, for example the Shanghai Metro, Guangzhou Metro, Beijing Metro and the Delhi metro.
However, the European debt crisis considerably slowed down expansion plans, with many projects being delayed and abandoned. Unlike normal Spanish road and rail traffic, which uses right-hand drive, Madrid Metro trains use left-hand traffic on all lines since traffic in Madrid drove on the left until 1924, well after the start of the operation of the Madrid metro. The Madrid metro operates from 6:00 a.m. to 1:30 a.m. every day. There are, in any case, solid intentions for the system to operate continuously on weekends.
A tram system encouraging the metro opened in 2007 called Metro Ligero (“light rail”). The Cercanías system works in conjunction with the metro serving passenger trains to and above the city.
Some metro stations are huge enough to host public events, for example the three-day fitness festival in May 2011, which drew 2,600 guests. One station contains an archaeological museum of 200 square meters.
The Madrid metro has 1,705 escalators and 529 elevators.
Currently, nearly 2.3 million passengers use the metro every day. Serving more than 300 stations, the train remains one of the most efficient approaches to getting around Madrid.
To pay homage to the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the metro, the regional government of Madrid has installed an educational exhibition along the original route, currently called the “centenary line”. Vintage photos will showcase the history of the metro, and a new vinyl-covered train reminiscent of the first train will continue to run along the tracks.
Chamartín station will host a permanent exhibition of vintage trains, and bearing in mind that the original entrance to Palacios from the Red de San Luis metro was dismantled and donated to the birthplace of the architect of Porriño, a reproduction of the striking design will regain its former magnificence.
On October 17, 2019, Google celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Madrid Metro with an animated Doodle.