Hindutva policy breathed new life into neoliberal capitalism, initiated by Congress
By Bhabani Shankar Nayak *
The BJP and Narendra Modi had promised “Achhe din” (good days) and “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas” (with all, development for all, faith of all) to seize political power in Delhi. The majority of the corporate media and many liberal intellectuals have projected him as a reformer, a popular and experienced leader, who can claim the Indian century on the world stage.
Instead of ensuring economic growth and development, some of the Hindutva’s policies and their neoliberal economic policies have ruined the present and destroyed the future potential of India and the Indians.
The bigoted Hindutva ideology of the RSS, the reactionary policies of the BJP and its capitalist crony policies have increased poverty, inequality and unemployment, compromising the future development of a prosperous and peaceful India. Hindutva politics has become a reigning ideology and a weapon of social reactionaries and economic elites. The tyranny of Modi and the market is a marriage literally made in heaven.
The BJP government led by Modi not only imitated the neoliberal economic policies of Congress, but also extended it to all spheres of life in India. The politics of the Hindutva also opened up new perspectives for neoliberal capitalism. Neoliberal economic policies are based on four pillars:
- liberalization of rules and regulations that protect work and the natural environment,
- privatization of public resources,
- the globalization of market integrations, and
- withdrawal of the state and government from economic and social activities while ensuring capital and market security.
These economic ideals were the foundations of neoliberal capitalism launched by Congress in India during the 1991 reforms. These reform policies consolidated the base of the global and national capitalist classes in the country. Hindutva policy extends these reforms to further deepen and consolidate capitalism in India.
The idea of neoliberal capitalism is based on anarchy of deregulation and legal protections from the mobility of capital towards increased competition in the market. But the Hindutva policy has breathed new life into neoliberal capitalism by giving capital the absolute freedom to consolidate itself without any competition. The few capitalist friends of the BJP today have absolute control over the Indian economy.
These societies have grown enormously inside and outside India. Hindutva’s policies created conditions of capitalist market oligarchy in a way that killed the idea of freedom and competition. It killed medium and small businesses in India.
The oversold ideals of neoliberal capitalism have found their natural ally in the politics of Hindutva hate. Hindutva neoliberalism in India is capitalism without any form of anxiety about internal conflict, competition or crisis. Hindutva is an organized corporate capitalism project to govern people and the environment to ensure the long-term social, political and economic stability of capitalist enterprises.
Hindutva policy turned the Indian state and government into a mere weapon of business and capital expansion. It appears the state and government are supporting the capital for its security as people perish in poverty, hunger, homelessness and unemployment.
It destroyed the capacity of the Indian state and government institutions to govern its citizens. The weakening of the link between state and citizenship paves the way for the erosion of democracy in India. It shows dire consequences for the people and the country. Such a condition creates fertile ground for the electoral dividends of the BJP and Hindutva ideology. He worships the rich and ruins everything that makes India a liberal, constitutional and secular democracy.
The failures of the Modi government have created a fissure in the political base of Hindutva politics, but its social and ideological base rests on solid foundations.
BJP and RSS networks are paid, sponsored and supported by businesses. In return, the triumph of Hindutva politics resolves the moral, insoluble material nightmares inherent in the economy and politics of capitalism in terms of class conflict.
Hindutva politics have also succeeded in creating an environment where party, state and government evolve together. Any opposition to such a formulation is qualified as anti-Indian and anti-national. It is a one-stop-shop system to facilitate market forces and control people and their opinion against their will.
Society is ruled by mass transactional anxiety and fear created by the Hindutva ideology and organizational network of BJP and RSS. There is no morality in the Hindutva ideology and its market forces. Unbridled exploitation of natural resources and of the working classes are at the heart of Hindutva capitalism and its neoliberal variant in India. Its frontal attack on “reason, science, secularism, multiculturalism, social solidarity and liberal democracy” is a systematic conception of shock therapy to fabricate the crisis.
The global pandemic and the failures of the Modi government have created a rift in the political base of Hindutva politics, but its social and ideological base rests on solid foundations. Public opinion is increasingly agitated against the Modi government, but Hindutva’s ideological and cultural base continues to be strong due to relentless false propaganda aimed at reinstalling Modi as the Indian messiah.
The worship of the false god in a democracy only brings disaster and Indians have many examples of failures of the Modi government, from demonetization to vaccination against Covid-19. Hindutva is a project without any principle or coherent beliefs. It is a fascist hydra with many faces and constantly changing shape to survive. The Nagpur SSR plan to convert India into a Hindu state is for no reason. It is a strategy to completely control the resources of India and the Indians with brute force.
The failures of the opposition parties and their ability to accurately expose Hindutva politics have led to the strengthening of this reactionary ideology. The Hindutva’s view of the world and its dogma is not only a grave danger to India, but a potential danger to world peace. He is restructuring Indian society, economy, politics and culture today, but it will have serious consequences for the world of tomorrow. In the wake of the decline of democracy with the rise of Hindutva supremacy led by the BJP and the RSS putting our people and our planet in peril.
The history of mass movements has engulfed all powerful dictators in its waves and the future of Hindutva will be no different. It is time to have a mass movement against Hindutva and crony capitalism in India. Global solidarity is an inalienable part of this struggle. The struggle against Hindutva fascism and the struggle against capitalism is a common struggle. The peace, prosperity and future of India and the Indians depend on the success of this united struggle.
* University of Glasgow, United Kingdom